clean and maintain hardwood floors

How do I clean and maintain hardwood floors?

How to Clean and Maintain Hardwood Floors

Are you a proud owner of hardwood floors in your home or office? Hardwood floors are a popular choice due to their durability, elegance, and timeless appeal. However, like all flooring types, hardwood floors require proper maintenance to keep them looking their best.

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In this article, we’ll discuss how to clean and maintain hardwood floors to help you preserve their beauty and extend their lifespan.

Understanding Hardwood Floor Finishes

Before we dive into the cleaning process, it’s essential to understand the type of finish on your hardwood floors. Hardwood floors are finished with either oil-based or water-based finishes. Oil-based finishes offer a warm, amber tone and require a longer drying time. On the other hand, water-based finishes dry faster and have a clear, matte finish.

To determine the type of finish on your hardwood floors, conduct a simple test by applying a drop of water on the floor’s surface. If the water beads up, your floor has a surface-sealed finish, which means it has been finished with a water-based product. If the water is absorbed into the wood after a few minutes, your floor has a penetrating finish, which means it has been finished with an oil-based product.

Everyday Cleaning and Maintenance

Sweeping or vacuuming your hardwood floors on a regular basis is the first step in maintaining their appearance. Use a soft-bristled broom or a vacuum with a hardwood floor attachment to remove dirt, dust, and debris. Avoid using a vacuum with a beater bar, as it can scratch the surface of your hardwood floors.

For spills or stains, clean them up immediately using a dry or slightly damp cloth. Avoid using water or harsh chemicals, as they can damage the finish on your hardwood floors.

Deep Cleaning Hardwood Floors

In addition to daily cleaning, your hardwood floors will need periodic deep cleaning to remove built-up dirt and grime. The frequency of deep cleaning depends on the amount of foot traffic and the level of wear and tear on your hardwood floors.

To deep clean your hardwood floors, follow these steps:

  1. Clear the room of any furniture or objects on the floor.
  2. Vacuum or sweep the floor to remove any loose dirt or debris.
  3. Use a hardwood floor cleaner that is recommended by the manufacturer of your floor or a pH-neutral cleaner. Avoid using cleaners that contain harsh chemicals, ammonia, or oil-based soaps.
  4. Apply the cleaner to a small section of the floor using a mop or a microfiber cloth. Avoid saturating the floor with the cleaner, as excess moisture can damage the finish on your hardwood floors.
  5. Use a damp mop or cloth to clean the floor, moving in the direction of the wood grain.
  6. Rinse the mop or cloth frequently to avoid spreading dirt and grime across the floor.
  7. Allow the floor to air dry or use a dry mop or cloth to remove any excess moisture.

Preventative Measures

Preventing damage to your hardwood floors is just as important as cleaning and maintaining them. Here are some preventative measures you can take:

  1. Place doormats at entryways to catch dirt and debris before it gets tracked onto your hardwood floors.
  2. Use furniture pads under the legs of chairs, tables, and other furniture to avoid scratches and dents.
  3. Avoid wearing high heels or shoes with spikes on your hardwood floors, as they can dent or scratch the surface.
  4. Trim your pets’ nails regularly to avoid scratches on your hardwood floors.
  5. Keep the humidity level in your home between 35% and 55% to prevent the wood from expanding or contracting, which can cause gaps or cracks in your hardwood floors.


The Importance of Regular Maintenance for Hardwood Floors

Hardwood floors are a popular choice for homeowners due to their durability, beauty, and longevity. However, even with their many benefits, hardwood floors require regular maintenance to ensure their continued beauty and functionality.

Regular maintenance of hardwood floors involves more than just sweeping or vacuuming. It also includes regular deep cleaning, addressing spills and stains promptly, and ensuring proper humidity levels to prevent warping and cracking. By neglecting these important tasks, hardwood floors can become damaged and lose their luster over time.

One of the most important aspects of regular maintenance for hardwood floors is regular cleaning. Sweeping or vacuuming the floors regularly will help prevent dirt and debris from scratching or dulling the surface. However, deep cleaning with appropriate cleaning solutions is also necessary to remove buildup and stains that cannot be removed with regular sweeping or vacuuming.

Use the Right Cleaning Solution

When it comes to cleaning hardwood floors, it’s important to use cleaning solutions that are specifically designed for hardwood floors. Harsh chemicals or abrasive tools can damage the finish or even the wood itself. Homeowners should also avoid using excessive water when cleaning hardwood floors, as moisture can cause warping or cracking.

In addition to regular cleaning, homeowners should also address spills and stains promptly to prevent damage. When spills occur, it’s important to wipe them up immediately with a dry or slightly damp cloth. If the spill has already dried, using a hardwood floor cleaner or a mixture of warm water and vinegar can help remove the stain.

Finally, ensuring proper humidity levels is another crucial aspect of regular maintenance for hardwood floors. Extreme fluctuations in humidity can cause the wood to expand or contract, leading to warping or cracking. Using a humidifier or dehumidifier can help regulate humidity levels and prevent damage to the hardwood floors.


In conclusion, maintaining and cleaning hardwood floors is crucial in ensuring their longevity and maintaining their appearance. With the right tools and techniques, homeowners can keep their hardwood floors looking beautiful for years to come.

Regularly sweeping or vacuuming the floors to remove dirt and debris, as well as using appropriate cleaning solutions and techniques, are essential to maintaining hardwood floors. It’s also important to address spills and stains promptly to prevent damage.

By following the tips and techniques outlined in this article, homeowners can ensure that their hardwood floors remain in top condition and continue to enhance the beauty and value of their homes. Remember to always check with the manufacturer’s instructions before attempting any cleaning or maintenance on hardwood floors, and when in doubt, consult with a professional.

Thank you for reading this comprehensive guide on how to clean and maintain hardwood floors. We hope you found it helpful and informative. For more tips and information on home maintenance and improvement, contact us.



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