Types of headaches and their causes

Headache is a prevalent condition experienced by many people, primarily adults of any age, that may or may not be because of health-related issues. People’s faces throbbing, mild, sharp, or dull pain in the head and some regions of the face depending on the cause.

Types and causes 

There are various types of headaches with different causes. There are two broad categories.

Those headaches that occur because of some significant illness are secondary. While primary types of headaches are not related to any other medical condition, overactive blood vessels, muscles, or specific areas of the brain can cause. The most common types of headaches are as follows.

1) Hypertension (elevated blood pressure) headache

Hypertension headache is the pulsating pain in the head because of high pressure (i.e., more than 180/110 mmHg) of the blood in the arteries. It is a very severe and persistent headache until your blood pressure gets back to normal.

There may appear blood spots in the eyes because of the expansion of small blood vessels beyond their limit. This condition is more common in diabetic patients with hypertension.

Immediate Remedies:

-Get your blood pressure checked immediately and consult a doctor for medication right after. Do not take over-the-counter medication.

-Avoid intake of salt immediately

-Increase intake of water. It helps the body to urinate more frequently hence lowering blood pressure gradually.


– Hypertension can be controlled by diet and exercise. Diet enriched with fiber content and low on cholesterol help combat hypertension. 

-Avoid caffeinated drinks, instead take plenty of water.

2) CH ( cluster headache)

This is a type of primary headache disorder. It is not very common. Pain occurs in and around the eye sockets in a serialized form several times a day with severity.

Its cause is unknown till now. Some researchers relate it to the activity of the hypothalamus. It is triggered by sudden changes in external temperature or physical activity in hot weather or alcohol intake. Since the exact cause is unknown, there is no such cure, but it is relieved by symptomatic treatment by using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or pain killers.

3) Migraine

Migraine is also the type of primary headache and is the second most common type. It is common in young adults, primarily women, because of hormonal imbalances. It is usually lifelong, and attacks are recurrent, that can even occur once a week or once in a year. 

The pain of migraine is usually one-sided (but not always). The person feels a pulsating, severe to moderate pain in one side of the head. It gets worse by doing routine physical activity. Sensory disturbances and sensitivity to light also characterize it. 

Migraine is a genetic disorder, and so it has no proper treatment. But, medical studies are so much improved that this condition can be managed by modifying lifestyle, medications, and other therapeutic measures. Hence, quality of life has improved so much.

Home remedies for migraine 

– Avoid certain foods such as chocolate, food with nitrates (hot dogs, bacon, sausages, etc.), processed foods, pickled foods, alcohol, dried fruits, etc.

– Use ginger in your food or beverages, for example, green tea. Ginger has pain-relieving qualities. 

– Increase the amount of magnesium in your diet. Magnesium is abundantly present in almonds, cashews, eggs, milk, sesame seeds, etc.

– Do exercise or yoga. 

4) TTH (Tension-type headache)

This type of headache is commonly seen in adults and older teens. This pain feels like a band surrounding your head region includes eyes, forehead, and neck. This may be episodic but bearable. 

As its name suggests, this type of headache is caused due to stress, tension, anxiety, or depression. It happens because of any recent event of stress. 

Home remedies

Try to hydrate your body as much as possible. 

Try to avoid chewing as it may exaggerate your pain.

Take a caffeinated drink, for example, coffee or tea.

Take a rest. Sleep is the pill to kill tension headaches.

The heating pad can also relieve the pain.

When is urgent pain management required?

When you have a consistent headache, the duration goes above 15 days consistently, which is a chronic headache. In this case, pain management is necessary to relieve the pain.


 Headaches can be the reason for some major illnesses that you may not know. Try not to avoid it. If you have persistent and severe headaches, get yourself checked and reach the root cause. A healthy lifestyle that includes a healthy diet and exercise is the key to preventing this problem.

Older people should avoid over-use of panadol or other over-the-counter drugs because they may have underlying diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and other health-related issues. Consultation with a doctor is essential.

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